Gamification for Learning
At EDUCAUSE, shared statistics:
- There are 1 billion gamers worldwide who spend at least an hour a day playing a game.
- Gallup engagement research in 2012 revealed that 71 percent of workers are not engaged.
- The lack of workforce non-engagement costs $300 billion annually in lost productivity, Gallup estimates.
- The longer children stay in school, the less engaged they become: 76 percent of elementary students are engaged, which drops to 61 percent in middle school and down to 44 percent in high school.
McGonigal said “Gamification in higher education is going to be a lot more than what you’re seeing today,”McGonigal shared three examples of new games now advancing a variety of fields of study, and offered hope that such techniques could be applied to revolutionize the ways through which higher education is delivered or assessed.
The University of Washington’s Foldit game enables anyone to contribute to scientific research through virtual protein folding. The university’s game developers posit that human gamers’ propensity to not give up on a gaming task – resiliency – make them much more adept at solving complex protein structure prediction and design than supercomputers. And in some ways, they’ve already proven that to be so. Foldit game participants have been named in several published scientific journal articles, including one that describes how a protein structure could be solved and used in the treatment of HIV.
The rich, interactive universe of Grand Theft Auto was the inspiration for this game, developed for The World Bank as a way to teach Sub-Sahara African youths to solve social problems in ways that also could provide a sustainable living. The platform is free and available online and can be used by schools to teach social entrepreneurship. A graphic novel serves as the game’s centerpiece, and players build out their gaming profiles as a comic or graphic novel might retell a superhero’s origin story. Participants complete projects in real life to solve real problems, such as securing a community’s food supply or establishing a sustainable power source, then progress through levels of the game. Those who successfully complete their 10-week missions ultimately earn certification from the World Bank Institute. In 2010, 50 student participants saw their entrepreneurship models funded by the World Bank, including Libraries Across Africa (now Librii), a franchise operating in Ghana.
Not all games must be played out in a virtual space. This game – developed by McGonigal with Natron Baxter and Playmatics – combines real-world missions with virtual clues and online collaboration, resulting in young people working together overnight in the New York Public Library to write and publish a book of personal essays about what they learned.
“The game is designed to empower young people to find their own futures by bringing them face-to-face with the writings and objects of people who made an extraordinary difference.”
Participants spend a night wandering throughout the library’s stacks and research materials, scanning QR codes to prove they found and interacted with the objects of their clues or missions. One 2011 participant, upon discovering the library’s early draft of the Declaration of Independence wrote an essay called a “Declaration of Interdependence.”http://www.edtechmagazine.com/higher/article/2013/10/awesome-power-gaming-higher-education
Gamification, can be digital or non digital. It can be simple as applying a game as a method to teach in a classroom, role playing methods and to even a larger concept such as a virtual education environment. It can in some circumstances create immediate feedback for the learners, and then the learners can retry to understand and complete the task assigned. Gamification is not completely a concept that is recognized as the primary instructional method for education- however, I foresee the opportunities that can occur with this concept. Gamification will open up so many educational opportunities globally for all learners.
Horizon Report 2014: http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2014-nmc-horizon-report-he-EN.pdf
Horizon Report 2015: http://www.nmc.org/publication/nmc-horizon-report-2015-higher-education-edition/